Decision to farm hemp brings agricultural adventure

About a year ago, Morrie McCormmach and Rebecca Heger pondered what to plant in one of their fields.

A friend suggested hemp, a crop that was up and coming. Heger and McCormmach took to their computers to research the plant. The couple learned that this cousin of marijuana differs radically from weed, which has a high percentage of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and is psychoactive. Hemp has cannabidiol (CBD), known for its medicinal effects and not pot’s mind-altering highs.

Heger, an Alaskan with a holistic approach to health, is a former glacier guide who loves the outdoors. She was intrigued with the therapeutic possibilities of CBDs. Her intrigue slowly evolved into resolve. A month ago, Heger launched Pendleton CBD, an online business that offers CBDs for horses and humans.

“It’s an incredible medicine,” she said. “There’s no high. It’s no different than eating an orange for vitamin C.”

She says the substance has anti-inflammatory and anti-anxiety properties. Other possible uses include treating pain, nausea, arthritis, addiction, epilepsy, post-traumatic stress and seizures.

Heger liked the idea of producing hemp oil — but first they had to grow the hemp.

Their first summer as hemp farmers proved an edifying experience.

“This was a trial run with only 10 acres,” Heger said. “We didn’t want to get in over our heads.”

McCormmach, a sixth-generation farmer, said they considered the risks carefully. Crop insurance was unavailable. Additionally, the harvest would have to be tested at the end of the season for THC content. By law, hemp must have less than 0.3 percent THC to be used for CBDs.

“When we got a permit from the state, it came with that requirement,” McCormmach said. “An independent third-party laboratory tests to make sure.”

They decided to forge ahead, planting on land that McCormmach’s family previously had farmed organic alfalfa. McCormmach and Heger decided to stay organic, using no pesticides, herbicides or fertilizers. They braced for an agricultural adventure.

“By going organic, you deal with whatever challenges the field presents,” Heger said. “You’re hands-on.”

The entire clan, which includes Heger’s four children (ranging in age from 8 to 15) got involved.

“It’s a family farm,” Heger said. “Our kids were out in the field.”

They laid down plastic to keep the weeds at bay, but later had to remove it when plants started going missing.

“The plastic was a natural tunnel for the gophers,” McCormmach said. “They were running up and down the rows having a heyday.”

Without the plastic, the weeds came on. To beat the heat, the family arose at around 4:30 a.m. and got out the door by 5 or 6. They hoed and weeded and fixed leaks in the water lines. Jack, who is 8 years old, ferried drinks from the house to the field on his Honda 50 motorbike. Heger said the hemp farming experience brought satisfaction.

“There’s something about being out in a field watching things grow,” Heger said.

More fulfillment came after harvest. They shipped their entire crop to a processor who used an expelling process to extract the CBD oil.

Heger started her business slowly, first selling oil to a handful of people who had horses with health issues.

“One of the ladies had trouble with her horse not eating,” Heger said. “Within one day (of taking CBD oil), the horse ate and performed better.”

A woman whose horse had inflammation also noticed marked improvement after using the oil. When she failed to give the oil for a few days, swelling returned. Heger gives CBDs to her own family members and animals, including their quarter horse, Apple, that has cancer.

The website offers 1-ounce and 2-ounce bottles of equine CBD. The website will soon feature oil for people, too.

With CBD being touted as a magical cure-all for a variety of conditions, one might wonder if it’s just the latest form of snake oil. Heger said the more she learns about CBDs, the more she thinks it’s the real deal, an elixir for everything from anxiety to arthritis.

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“There’s a reason it’s good for so many things,” Heger said. “Your body has an endocannabinoid system with receptors literally from head to toe.”

The web of nerves runs from the brain all the way through the body, she said. It’s connected to all vital organs and generally controls the state of homeostasis in your body.

The legislative climate is finally going the way of the hemp farmers like McCormmach and Heger.

Last month, as part of the $867 billion farm bill, Congress removed hemp from the list of federally controlled substances, which made hemp like any other agricultural crop. Oregon legalized hemp in 2015, but now growers can deal across state lines. Hemp farmers can get credit lines, write off business expenses and buy crop insurance. More Oregon farmers are jumping in, according to Oregon Department of Agriculture licensing numbers.

“We had 13 (registered hemp growers) in 2015. We had 584 last year,” said ODA Cannabis Policy Coordinator Sunny Summers. “I consider that exponential growth.”

The market keeps expanding. There are CBD-infused smoothies, coffee, beer and even lip balm. Coca-Cola is considering offering a CBD drink.

Summers expects another large jump in hemp grower registrations in Oregon this year.

Part of the reason, Summers said, is a saturated marijuana market compared with the sky’s-the-limit CBD market. Also, there are fewer barriers to entry.

Plus, “you don’t have to have security cameras,” she said, “and you can grow pretty much anywhere as long as it’s zoned for agriculture.”

Heger and McCormmach might argue about the security cameras. They dealt with thefts from both the field and from a barn where hemp hung drying. The thefts came despite signs on the fence line informing that hemp grew in the field, not marijuana. The experience made them guarded about sharing their farm’s exact location.

On balance, though, the couple considers their hemp growing experience a success. They’ll plant again this spring. This time, McCormmach said, instead of 10 acres, they will plant 20.


Contact Kathy Aney at or 541-966-0810.

Businesses envision a boom in CBD, the non-intoxicating oil from hemp

Touted as a wonder drug capable of easing anxiety, reducing inflammation, and preventing seizures, cannabidiol, or CBD, has been growing rapidly in popularity. Following approval of the 2018 federal farm bill, the American hemp CBD market alone is projected to reach $20 billion by 2020.

Kevin Liebrock, chief operating officer of Bluebird Botanicals in Colorado, which makes CBD oils, capsules, and pet products, said the legislation drastically changes the industry. “We will see CBD products becoming a staple at nearly every major retailer in the country, and our industry’s already exponential growth will become parabolic.”

So why the sudden interest?


Some see CBD as a more “legitimate” cannabis product, because it doesn’t contain tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychoactive compound in cannabis that makes users feel high, yet has many reported health benefits.

How do CBD and THC differ?

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When most people think of the euphoric effects of marijuana, it’s the THC they are referencing. CBD relaxes people without intoxication.

Both marijuana and hemp are from the same cannabis plant family, but they are distinct and are used in very different ways. Marijuana is well-known as a recreational and a medicinal drug; hemp has many industrial applications, including being used to make clothing. The CBD in many of the products taking the market by storm is from the hemp plant and has very little or no THC component at all.

CBD as medicine?

There is growing evidence that CBD can be used to help a number of conditions, and with the FDA recently approving Epidiolex, a CBD drug taken by patients experiencing seizures, it’s medicinal applications continue to be discovered. Dr. Kyle Varner, a practicing hospitalist in Spokane, Wash., and a physician specializing in internal medicine, said that “CBD oil has tremendous therapeutic potential. Epidiolex is just CBD — but sold at a price tag of over $30,000 per year.”

Dosing and precautions

As CBD is added to more and more products, it’s possible that people could take a larger than suggested dose by accident. For example, if you took a supplement, used a topical cream, swiped on some lip balm, swigged a seltzer water, and snacked on a pack of CBD coconut bites you could easily ingest hundreds of grams of CBD. But does that matter?


CBD is nontoxic, and a 2011 study by the University of Sao Paulo found that even high doses of up to 1,500 milligrams a day were well tolerated. In 2017, the World Health Organization released a report that said CBD was not addictive or harmful.

Varner, however, does point to a potential side effect: “Based on clinical trial data for the approval of Epidiolex, we know that [CBD can] cause liver enzyme elevations. The significance of this is not clear, and many medications can do this. If I were using CBD for myself, I’d periodically check my liver-function tests and discontinue use if they did not remain normal.”

For consumers who want to try CBD products, the advice is to start slowly with a low dose and monitor the effects before taking more. CBD use should be discussed with your health care provider, especially if you take any other medications.

One of the potential dangers is the possibility of a poor-quality product entering the market, said Max Simon, CEO and owner of California-based Green Flower, a platform of more than 600 cannabis experts who provide information and resources to the public.

“Unfortunately, the CBD market is not regulated, and consumers are running into a lot of inferior products; you can’t always be sure what you’re getting,” he said. According to one report, 70 percent of the unregulated CBD products on the market are inaccurately labeled.


Dr. Matthew Mintz, an internal medicine physician in Bethesda, Md., suggests CBD to some of his patients, but the lack of oversight concerns him. “Even as a physician it is challenging to know which products to recommend, since CBD is not nearly as regulated as medicinal marijuana,” he said.

In Massachusetts, CBD can be purchased at health stores and gas stations as pills or gummies. Licensed medical dispensaries can sell products from the state-regulated supply chain.

Last year, more than 50 Utah residents were poisoned by fake CBD products, according to the Centers for Disease Control. To ensure consumer safety and the highest quality CBD products, Brooke Nelson, director of operations for the Boulder Botanical & Bioscience Labs, has the following tips:

 Purchase branded products only from a reputable company that has experience in manufacturing and production.

 Understand where and how the hemp that the CBD is coming from is sourced.

 Request the batch-testing results from the manufacturer associated with the specific product. Testing results will confirm the potency and purity of the product.

How can I take CBD?

CBD is found in oils, gummies, supplements, and a growing body of new products such as mints from Lucent Botanicals in Oakland, Calif. The company’s CBD mints contain 10 milligrams of CBD per serving and are said to reduce pain, calm users and boost their mood, and promote more restful sleep.

Shea Brand, of New York, makes a regular natural CBD pain reliever, but with the addition of shea butter it does double duty as a moisturizer — and stylish packaging makes it look more like a high-end cosmetic than a medicine. The company also offers a lip balm and oil drops.

Medterra, of Irvine, Calif., produces a topical cooling cream for sore muscles, in 250 milligram or 750 milligram strengths.

And Boulder, Colo.-based Weller makes CBD-infused foods, including their original or dark-chocolate Coconut Bites, which offer 25 milligrams of CBD. Weller founders Matt Oscamou and John Simmons said the interest and excitement in CBD are palpable.

“It’s reminiscent of early natural-products days, when innovation was rampant. We see CBD as the ingredient of the century and expect it to eclipse any other single ingredient trend we’ve seen throughout our careers,” they said.

Weller plans to sell CBD-infused sparkling water in three flavors, joining Queen City Hemp in Cincinnati, which produces an additive-free all-natural CBD-flavored seltzer water that contains 5 milligrams of CBD per serving.

New Farm Bill offers hemp challenges

The Kansas State University associate dean of research said Thursday significant challenges must be overcome to meaningfully integrate industrial hemp into the state’s production agriculture system.

“It is really agriculture research at its infancy,” said Marty Draper, associate dean of research and graduate programs at Kansas State. “The research program is very important for us.”

Overhaul of state and federal law regarding the cultivation of hemp represented an opportunity for scientists and farmers to explore prospects of growing a version of marijuana that provides raw material in manufacturing of textiles and other products.

The national policy on industrial hemp was in the bill signed by President Donald Trump. A state law adopted by the 2018 Kansas Legislature paved the way for research on the plant by higher education institutions. It’s possible hemp research could be initiated in Colby, Draper said.

Mike Beam, interim secretary of the Kansas Department of Agriculture, told the Senate Ways and Means Committee during a briefing on components of the new Farm Bill that individual states were authorized to develop a plan for commercial hemp production subject to approval by the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

“If we choose to submit a state plan for USDA approval,” Beam said, “we’ll need to advance legislation this session.”

Paul Johnson, a policy analyst with the Kansas Rural Center, said 80 percent of the Farm Bill signed by Trump invested 80 percent of funding into nutrition and food programs. In the 2018 fiscal year, Kansas received $299 million for food stamps, which provided aid to 219,000 people with “food insecurity” issues.

He said the challenge of providing adequate access to food in Kansas was influenced by loss of the grocery stores in about 85 rural communities since 2010. Kansas ranked 44th in the nation for enrolling only 69 percent of people in food stamps, he said.

Twenty percent of the Farm Bill is devoted to farm programs and subsidies, which reached $1 billion in 2017. Half went to commodity programs, $386 million to crop insurance subsidies, $94 million to conservation research programs and $4.9 million for disaster aid. Kansas ranked sixth among the 50 states in volume of farm program subsidies, Johnson said.

“In terms of the commodity and corp insurance subsidies,” Johnson said, “the top 10 percent of farms receive 73 percent of these benefits and the top 20 percent receive 88 percent of these payments.”

Johnson said 32 percent of the 60,000 farms in Kansas receive no federal government experience.

Paula Peters, associate director of extension programs at Kansas State, said the Farm Bill’s nutrition assistance component served the interest of low-income Kansans. The state’s extension service receives $700,000 annually for a special nutrition education program that employs community members to help peers improve diet and physical activity, she said.

“The paraprofessionals are especially able to connect well with the audience because they are from the same neighborhoods,” Peters said.

She said the partial federal government shutdown raised questions about whether funding would continue to be available for the food education program and a separate food stamp education initiative.

JoAnne Skelly: Hemp’s a viable crop for Nevada

Recently a reader asked me about growing hemp. According to Penn State Extension (, hemp was often found in early settlements and used as a fiber source. It was widely grown in Pennsylvania and other states in the 1700s and 1800s. Not only grown for fiber, its oil was used “in paints, ink, varnishes and lamp oil.” Conestoga wagon covers and clothing were made from hemp. Today clothes, wallets, shoes, rope, nets, carpet, tarps and even paper and building materials are constructed from hemp. Hemp leaves can be used for mulch, in compost and for animal bedding. The oil is a component of food supplements, birdseed, beauty products, soaps, moisturizers and pain relief products. Finally, the seeds are a seed source for the next crop or ground into flour.

“Industrial hemp includes the non-psychoactive, low-THC, oil, seed and fiber varieties of the plant Cannabis sativa” (Nevada Department of Agriculture). The 2016 Farm Bill defines hemp as “The plant Cannabis sativa L. with a THC content of not more than 0.3 percent on a dry weight basis…” Hemp isn’t viable as a recreational drug because recreational marijuana has 15 to 22 percent THC.

The 2015 Nevada Legislature legalized the cultivation of hemp for research and pilot projects only. Nevada is one of 38 states to have done so.

“It is illegal under federal law to possess viable hemp seed except for use in an authorized research trial” (NDA). In Nevada, a license must be authorized by the NDA. There are three types of applications for industrial hemp licenses: for growers, for seed producers and for handlers who will make hemp into products.

Once licensed, growers must notify NDA of all seed orders, broken down by variety, which must be shipped to NDA for intake processing. NDA also must be informed of the intended focus for the hemp, such as animal bedding, fiber, grain, biofuel, dietary supplement, food/drink additive, oil extraction, seed stock, insulation, cosmetics and others

Hemp grows best in well-drained loose soils with a pH between 6.0 to 7.0. It’s planted in rows like corn. Currently, there are no herbicides labeled for use on hemp. This means weeding by hand or mechanically. It can be susceptible to a variety of diseases and insect pests.

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Proponents of hemp production feel it offers farmers in Nevada and other states opportunities for crop diversification and profitability and broader product selection for consumers.

JoAnne Skelly is associate professor and Extension educator, Emerita at University of Nevada Cooperative Extension. She can be reached at

Commercial Hemp Growing OK’d in Pa.

Hemp will be grown commercially in Pennsylvania this year for the first time in generations.

The state Ag Department announced Tuesday that it had submitted its plan for regulating the crop to USDA, becoming only the second state do so.

Hemp growers will have to get state permits, but their acreage of the crop will be unlimited.

“Pennsylvania’s story is shaped by agriculture and the products that help grow the commonwealth, and industrial hemp presents an exciting new chapter in that story,” said Agriculture Secretary Russell Redding.

December’s Farm Bill paved the way for commercial growing nationwide by removing hemp from the list of controlled substances.

The crop landed on the list decades ago because it’s closely related to marijuana, even though hemp contains too little of the chemical THC to induce a high.

Hemp’s fiber affords many industrial uses, while the seeds and oil can be used in food and other products.

Hemp research was already allowed thanks to the 2014 Farm Bill and the state’s Industrial Hemp Research Act.

The Ag Department approved 84 research applications on Tuesday, but it will now reopen the 2019 sign-up to include commercial applications.

Commercial legalization is great news for farmers, said Erica Stark, executive director of the Pennsylvania Hemp Industry Council.

“This will give the ability for people to co-op, and, you know, consolidate. I’m thinking particularly Lancaster County, like the Plain Sect communities that may not each individually want to get their own permit. They can work together,” she said in a phone interview Wednesday.

Pennsylvania’s quick response to the Farm Bill could also show manufacturers that the state is serious about being part of the hemp industry.

“I think we’ll see significant investment in infrastructure, now that the supply chain is there to support it,” Stark said.

At the Pennsylvania Farm Show earlier this month, Stark talked to many farmers who were disappointed that they had missed the application deadline for hemp permits.

Now that the state is reopening the permitting process, she is encouraging those farmers to contact the Ag Department.

Pennsylvania’s plan will make hemp subject to the Controlled Plant and Noxious Weed Committee, which was created in 2017.

With the committee’s approval, hemp will become a controlled plant, which will require all growers to register and obtain permits through the department.

The permit will include all information required by federal law and will allow punishment for violations.

Research applicants had originally been capped at 100 acres of hemp, but there will be no acreage caps for research or commercial growers under the new rules.

The application fee will also be lowered from $2,000 to $600, and growers will be able to operate at up to five locations under one permit.

Additional growing locations can be added for a fee.

Hemp will be tested to ensure its THC content falls below the legal limit of 0.3 percent.

Ramping up the state’s testing capacity will now be key to growers’ success, said Jessie Johnson, a permitted hemp grower in Elk County.

Tests find problems in four CBD brands probed in USA

The post Tests find problems in four CBD brands probed in USA was originally published on HempToday. Subscribe to our newsletter, check out our events and follow us on facebook, instagram and twitter.

Four of 29 CBD products were found to be troublesome in recent test results, according to Remedy Review, which contracts with independent laboratories “to validate products and protect consumers.” The results indicate the need for independent monitoring and testing of CBD products, Remedy Review cautioned in a press release.

Two of the products, Joy Organics Orange Bliss 500mg tincture and Pure Hemp Botanicals’ 750mg Pure CBD Oil Full Spectrum Tincture failed testing for pesticides. Joy Organics’ product failed due to detection of the pesticide Imazalil while Pure Hemp’s product showed presence of the pesticide synergist piperonyl butoxide. The producer has recalled Orange Bliss units that were purchased in the month of December 2018, according to Remedy Review.

Bacteria, labeling cited

In other results, Sagely Naturals Relief + Recovery CBD + Turmeric Capsules exceeded limits for bile-tolerant gram-negative bacteria; and JustCBD’s 550MG tincture (retail price $74.99) contained only 1.8 mg/mL of CBD – one-tenth the concentration listed on the label, or the CBD equivalent of a 50MG tincture that JustCBD sells for $15.00.

“There is unprecedented incentive for brands to rush products to market and potentially take risks in the supply chain that could harm consumers,” Remedy Review, which is based in Raleigh, North Carolina, said in the release.

Need for standards

“One common thread when speaking to brands and industry observers is that there are no industry-wide standards,” said Marc Lewis, Executive Editor of Remedy Review. “Consumers need to be careful in a space where demand is dramatically outpacing oversight.”

Among other brands tested under the Remedy Review program were Bluebird, Charlotte’s Web, CBDfx, and PlusCBD, all of which got approval along with 21 others.

‘Seal of approval’

ProVerde Labs, which has offices in Maine and Massachusetts, provided third party analytical services for the testing, which Remedy Review says is the beginning of an ongoing testing program through which it will give seals of approval.

Each of the products was tested for cannabinoid content, terpenes, heavy metals, pesticides, residual solvents, and microbiological contaminants. Cannabinoid tests were used to measure label accuracy, with a tested concentration within ten percent of the label deemed acceptable.

Remedy Review last year raised $2 million in funding through One Better Ventures, a venture capital fund also based in Raleigh.

The post Tests find problems in four CBD brands probed in USA was originally published on HempToday. Subscribe to our newsletter, check out our events and follow us on facebook, instagram and twitter.

PanXchange Launches Industrial Hemp Pricing

PanXchange, a Denver-based OTC physical commodity exchange and price reporting provider, today successfully launched its industrial hemp indices, becoming the first company to offer such pricing data to the market. PanXchange now delivers spot market pricing to its members, publishing on a monthly basis, and plans to launch trading capabilities in Q3 of this year.

Prices will be offered for the following hemp products:

  • FOB Portland, Oregon Hemp Biomass
  • FOB Portland, Oregon Crude Oil
  • FOB Denver, Colorado Hemp Biomass
  • FOB Denver, Colorado Crude Oil
  • FOB Lexington, Kentucky Hemp Biomass
  • FOB Lexington, Kentucky Crude Oil

While there have been other attempts to launch hemp trading, those efforts ultimately fizzled partially because of their nonoptimal timing. With the signing of the 2018 Farm Bill on December 20, 2018, the industrial hemp industry is now primed for a period of rapid growth. Previously, despite industrial hemp’s wide array of end uses, including paper products, textiles, plastics, cannabidiol (CBD) and construction materials, it had been outlawed since the 1970s. The increased product supply and the 2018 Farm Bill’s new federal distinction between hemp and marijuana have paved the way for hemp to be viewed as a commercial commodity. United States industrial hemp production has increased on an exponential scale, growing from 9,770 acres planted in 2016 to more than 25,000 acres planted in 2017. While the official figures have not been published by the USDA for 2018, preliminary estimates forecast similar growth to what was seen between 2016 and 2017.

PanXchange CEO Julie Lerner commented, “We’re excited to bring transparent pricing and instant market access to another new commodity, particularly a budding commodity like hemp that is just now establishing a legitimate market. The industrial hemp market is brimming with potential, and given our deep commodity experience and track record in nascent markets like frac sand, PanXchange is the perfect company to provide this market structure solution that commercial producers have been looking for.”

Hemp becomes PanXchange’s second U.S.-focused commodities market, after the launch of frac sand in 2017. PanXchange was the first company to create a market in frac sand, and saw tremendous growth in 2018, with its client base presently representing 45 percent of all sand traded (on and offline). PanXchange’s hemp market will follow the same blueprint as frac sand. If interested in learning more about PanXchange’s industrial hemp products, please contact

About PanXchange:

PanXchange is an award-winning OTC physical commodity trading platform that allows buyers and sellers to negotiate specific details of a trade, including the location and timing of delivery and the exact quantity and quality of the commodity. In October 2017, PanXchange successfully launched the first ever platform for the 125 million ton proppant market (frac sand), and began issuing the industry’s first official price assessment (benchmark) two months later. Based in Denver, CO, the company has also been live in East Africa for three years, offering the negotiation and trade of more than 30 different agricultural commodities, and opened its fifth location in Singapore in 2018. PanXchange is protected by two U.S. patents, with three more pending, and in 2018 was selected by CIO Outlook as a Top 10 Trading Solution Provider, as well as Barchart’s Startup Exchange winner. For more information, contact

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SOURCE: PanXchange”> <Property FormalName=”PrimaryTwitterHandle” Value=”@PanXchange

Lorna Kiewert
3Points Communications
(312) 725-7950, Ext. 1

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Hemp derivatives are perfectly safe for treating sick dogs

Q: A few months back you wrote about using CBD oil to help dogs with pain, anxiety, cancer and other problems. If CBD oil doesn’t get dogs high, how exactly does it work? Isn’t it toxic? Isn’t it illegal?

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Dr. Patty Khuly has a veterinary practice at Sunset Animal Clinic in South Miami.

A: Medicinal cannabidiol (CBD) is a molecule in the closely related hemp and marijuana plants that’s distinct from the psychoactive tetrahydrocannabidiol (THC), also contained in both plants.

The THC gets you high and is especially toxic to dogs. The CBD does not get you high and is perfectly safe for dogs and humans. In fact, we’ve learned that most of the medicinal effects of these plants aren’t related to the high at all.

A sense of well-being and relaxation, along with some anti-inflammatory effects, are among the CBD molecule’s effects on the body. Again, these have nothing to do with the high we associate with marijuana. Rather, they have more to do with how the molecule binds to a wide variety of cell receptors in the body, many of which mitigate inflammation and improve happy neurotransmitter function.

Despite the attention CBD is currently enjoying, hemp derivatives (including CBD) have been used in dogs for decades. It’s only now, however, that we’ve gained a better understanding of how it works on the body, how it’s most effectively prepared, and which conditions it’s best used for.

Unfortunately, misconceptions about CBD persist. Apart from the misconception that CBD gets you high, or should get you high to work effectively, the most common misconception is that CBD is always derived from the marijuana plant. In fact, most CBD comes from the less expensive and easier-to-grow hemp plant. Which only makes sense. Why buy an illegal plant when you can buy one that’s legally grown?

Which raises the legal issue …

Though I’ve never heard of any law enforcement action against any veterinarian or pet owner, CBD usage is still technically illegal in states where marijuana and all its derivatives (including CBD) is illegal. These include Idaho, Nebraska and South Dakota. All other states, including Florida, now allow products derived from the hemp plant, like CBD oil, to be sold legally.

One additional comment:

Though veterinarians now use this product safely on patients with arthritis, cancer, anxiety and seizure disorders, its degree of efficacy — along with its correct dosing — is still being investigated. So be sure to talk with your veterinarian about whether it’s right for your pets and how much to administer before trying it out.

Dr. Patty Khuly has a veterinary practice at Sunset Animal Clinic in South Miami. Her website is Send questions to

Which Founding Fathers grew hemp — and why?

You may have heard that hemp will soon sprout in Pennsylvania, now that the state has submitted a plan to the U.S. Agriculture Department for commercial production of marijuana’s tamer cousin. If you’re wondering how that can be, considering growing hemp has been a federal offense, this will bring you up to speed.

So hemp will be a new crop in Pennsylvania?

Actually, it’s a very old crop that just disappeared for a long time. Pennsylvania’s relationship with hemp dates to William Penn himself, who predicted it would be a trade staple. According to hemp historian Les Stark, the state General Assembly encouraged farmers to grow hemp in 1683. And during the 18th and 19th centuries, Lancaster County alone was home to more than 100 water-powered hemp fiber processors.

Did the colonials really buy into it?

State crime labs aren’t equipped to test for THC levels in industrial hemp

WAUSAU, Wis (WSAW) — The Wisconsin law change that legalized industrial hemp is now in full effect, but buyers could still find themselves in trouble for using the product.

As Hemp and CBD products continue to pop up throughout the state, law enforcement is reminding users that personal responsibility plays a role in an illegal drug charge.

Although Industrial Hemp is legal in the state, the flower still contains a low level of THC which is a common ingredient found in marijuana that produces a high sensation.

“Most drug tests are specifically looking for THC, not how much THC is in your system,” explained Dr. Larry Gordon with Aspirus Health Clinic. “The more CBD products you take, the more THC you will have in your system.

Alleviate Wellness in Stevens Point carries a variety of Hemp flowers and CBD products. Owners tell our sister-station in Wausau they tell each of their customers that over time they could fail a drug test because of the traces of THC in their products.

“It’s a very expensive drug test to find out just how much THC is in Hemp,” said Mitchell Craven, Co-Owner of Alleviate Wellness. “All the brands that we decided to go with, we studied for months before opening our store. We have labels with the dosages on our products and we even give a dose card to each of our customers,” clarified Craven.

Wisconsin Attorney General Josh Kaul says that state crime labs do not currently test for THC levels and that it would be an added expense for the state.

“I think this requires a legislative fix so that the statutory langue is clear,” stated Attorney General Kaul. “We also need to make sure that we are able to test marijuana to figure out if the THC is at a level where it’s classified as Marijuana or Hemp.”

Since Hemp and CBD are not regulated by the FDA, it’s unclear if the amount of THC is consistent in each product.

Law enforcement says if you plan on using industrial hemp and CBD products as a way to get high, to think twice.

“You can face criminal prosecution for a use like that,” said Detective Brian Barbour with the Oneida County Sheriff’s Department.

Store owners encourage shoppers to hold onto their receipts in case they may need to prove it’s not marijuana.

“Keep in mind,” added Detective Barbour, “Ultimately it comes down to your own personal responsibility.”

Attorney General, Josh Kaul hopes the legislature will pass legislation this session to clear any confusion among Hemp and CBD products.

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